Download E-books The Inner Citadel: The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius (Meditations of Marcus Aurelius) PDF

By Pierre Hadot

The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius are valuable today--as they've been over the centuries--as an inexhaustible resource of knowledge. And as one of many 3 most crucial expressions of Stoicism, this is often a vital textual content for everybody drawn to historical faith and philosophy. but the readability and straightforwardness of the work's variety are misleading. Pierre Hadot, eminent historian of historical inspiration, uncovers new degrees of that means and expands our knowing of its underlying philosophy.

Written by way of the Roman emperor for his personal deepest assistance and self-admonition, the Meditations set forth ideas for residing an exceptional and simply lifestyles. Hadot probes Marcus Aurelius's guidance and convictions and discerns the hitherto unperceived conceptual process that grounds them. Abundantly quoting the Meditations to demonstrate his research, the writer permits Marcus Aurelius to talk on to the reader. And Hadot unfolds for us the philosophical context of the Meditations, commenting at the philosophers Marcus Aurelius learn and giving distinct cognizance to the lessons of Epictetus, whose disciple he was.

The soul, the tenet inside us, is in Marcus Aurelius's Stoic philosophy an inviolable stronghold of freedom, the "inner citadel." This lively and interesting research of his suggestion bargains a clean photo of the interesting philosopher-emperor, a fuller knowing of the culture and doctrines of Stoicism, and wealthy perception at the tradition of the Roman empire within the moment century. Pierre Hadot has been engaged on Marcus Aurelius for greater than two decades; during this e-book he distills his research and conclusions with outstanding lucidity for the final reader.

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